The Atlantic Navigator ab 129 EURO Being a Nautical Description of the Coasts of France Spain and Portugal the West Coast of Africa the Coasts of Brazil and Patagonia the Islands of the Azores Madeiras Canaries and Cape Verdes.
Scientific Study from the year 2011 in the subject African Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, , language: English, abstract: Slavery, Colonialism and neo-colonialism have been described as the tripartitecrime against Africa. A crime attributable to the Euro-Americans. Two nations laidthe foundation of what later became the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. These werePortugal and Spain.The voyage of discovery reached Black Africa in 1445, whenDinis Dias and Lanzarote de Freitas anchored their fleets at the mouth of theSenegal River, and reconnoitered some of the Cape Verde islands. The remainingparts of the Archipelago was discovered jointly by the Venetian Alvise deCadamosto (1430-1480), Antonio Uso Mare from Genoa. There were no furtherdiscoveries until the death of Henry the Navigator in 1460. As at this period thelocal chiefs were already into the lucrative slave trade. Pedro de Cintas in 1462discovered the coasts of Guinea, the Bissagos Islands, Sierra Leone and Liberia.Fernando Po and Lopez Gonzalves navigated Fernando Po and Sao Tome Islands.Vasco Da Gama came on stage between 1460-1524, got through Cape Verde androunded the Cape of Good Hope (20th march 1499). Thus, the routes to the Indieswere opened. Diego Dias took another flank, reaching Madagascar (1500),Ascension Island (1501) and Islands of St. Helena (1502). With these breath-takingvoyages of discovery it became possible to cross the Atlantic directly withoutpassing through the harsh West African Coast.The Mediterranean had always been the centre of attraction. It united North Africaand Europe. When it fell into the hands of Islam, Europe, particularly Portugal andSpain sought for alternative routes. Islam could not match the Christian nations inthe mastery of the sea in quest of economic prosperity. It therefore took thePortuguese nearly 100 years (1415-1498) to reconnoiter the precise circumferenceof Africa. In this way trans-Atlantic trade replaced Trans Saharan trade. Reason being that on the other side of the Atlantic, Christopher Columbus had in 1492 setfoot on the new world. Lands that prove very suitable for sugar, cotton, tobacco,and indigo plantations.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Theodore Van Kirk (born 27 February 1921 in Northumberland, Pennsylvania ) is a former United States Army Air Corps navigator who flew 58 B-17 Flying Fortress combat missions with the 97th Bomb Group over Occupied France and Germany during World War II.He was also selected to fly General Mark Clark on a secret mission to negotiate with the Free French in Algeria, and was also navigator on the aircraft that flew General Dwight Eisenhower to the invasion site in North Africa to launch Operation Torch.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Leo Kahn was an American businessman and entrepreneur who is credited as the co-founder of Staples Inc.. Kahn is also considered a pioneer of the natural and health food supermarket industry, founding the Fresh Fields and Nature's Heartland chains, which are now part of Whole Foods Market. Kahn was born in Medford, Massachusetts, as the youngest of two brothers. His parents, who were immigrants from Lithuania, owned a wholesale food distributor. Kahn graduated from Malden High School in Malden, Massachusetts. Kahn received a bachelor's degree from Harvard University in 1938. He then obtained a master's degree in journalism from Columbia University in New York City in 1939. He worked a reporter in New Bedford, Massachusetts, and practiced public relations for political campaigns until he was drafted into the U.S. military in 1941 as the U.S. entered World War II. He was stationed in North Africa, Europe and Asia as a navigator for the Army Air Forces
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Sailing Alone Around the World (1899) is a sailing memoir by Joshua Slocum about his single-handed global circumnavigation aboard the sloop Spray. Slocum was the first person to sail around the world alone. The book was an immediate success and highly influential in inspiring later travelers. Captain Slocum, a highly experienced navigator and ship-owner, rebuilt and refitted the derelict sloop Spray in a seaside pasture at Fairhaven, Massachusetts during a thirteen-month period between early 1893 and 1894.Between April 24, 1895 and June 27, 1898, Slocum, aboard the Spray, crossed the Atlantic twice (to Gibraltar and back to South America), negotiated the Strait of Magellan, and crossed the Pacific. He also visited Australia and South Africa before crossing the Atlantic (for the third time) to reach home after a journey of 46,000 miles.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. William Geoffrey Keighley OAM was an English barrister, businessman, first-class cricketer, farmer, grazier and legislator. Keighley was born in Nice, France. His family had business interests in Bradford, West Yorkshire and New South Wales. He was educated at the Tudor House preparatory school in New South Wales, Eton and Trinity College, Oxford. He received private coaching from the Yorkshire and England cricketer Herbert Sutcliffe. He captained the Eton XI, before going up to Oxford. After being called up by the RAF, he was trained as a navigator, but never flew on operations. Upon returning to Oxford, he was awarded a blue. As a stylish right-handed batsman, he scored 105 versus South Africa in his second match, and 99 versus Cambridge University in 1947. His highest innings was 110 versus Surrey at Headingley in 1951. He held the second wicket partnership of 226 for Varsity matches
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Diogo Cão was a Portuguese explorer and one of the most remarkable navigators of the Age of Discovery, who made two voyages sailing along the west coast of Africa in the 1480s.He is well known in Angola, because of him the country was a Portuguese colony & has close ties with Portugal . He was born in Vila Real (some say in Évora), at the middle of the 15th century, ca. 1450, the illegitimate son of Álvaro Fernandes/Gonçalves Cão, Fidalgo of the Royal Household, himself the illegitimate son of Gonçalo Cão. He was the first European known to sight and enter the Congo River and to explore the West African coast between Cape St. Catherine and Cape Cross almost from the equator to Walvis Bay. When King John II of Portugal revived the work of Henry the Navigator, he sent out Cão (about midsummer (?) 1482) to open up the African coast still further beyond the equator. The mouth and estuary of the Congo was now, discovered (perhaps in August 1482), and marked by a Padrão, or stone pillar (still existing, but only in fragments) erected on Shark Point, attesting the sovereignty of Portugal.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Henry the Navigator was an infante of the Kingdom of Portugal and an important figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire, being responsible for the beginning of the European worldwide explorations. Henry the Navigator was the third child of King John I of Portugal, the founder of the Aviz dynasty, and of Philippa of Lancaster, the daughter of John of Gaunt. Henry encouraged his father to conquer Ceuta , the Muslim port on the North African coast across the Straits of Gibraltar from the Iberian peninsula, with profound consequences on Henry's worldview: Henry became aware of the profit possibilities in the Saharan trade routes that terminated there and became fascinated with Africa in general, he was most intrigued by the Christian legend of Prester John and the expansion of Portuguese trade
A novel on an African-American hero. In 1839 Joseph Cinque, also known as Singbe, leads a rising of African slaves on a Spanish slave ship. They kill most of the crew and order the navigator to steer for Africa, but he steers in the opposite direction and they are captured by the Americans. Abolitionists take up their cause, the Supreme Court rules they are free men and Cinque returns home covered in glory. A first novel.Tells the story of an African farmer who is sold into slavery and stages a rebellion aboard the slave ship, the Amistad.